To go over with the charterer before departure
- Is there a transfer included from the train station / airport?
- When arriving the night before: Where to stay?
- When will the check-in procedure take place?
- How much will the deposit cost?
- Is there a possibility of card payment?
- Any additional services ordered (insurance, outboard motor, final cleaning, etc.)
- Check through the equipment list thoroughly
- Which maps/charts are on board, and are there any further area information available?
- Any further supplies included on board, such as: towels or bed linen?
- Ask about any other necessary documentation
To go over upon arrival at the charter base
- Is there a gas station on site? (Otherwise, you will have to refuel on the way back.)
- Is there a supermarket nearby? Is there a delivery service?
- How long until the ship has to be back? When is the check-out?
- Can the last night be spent on board? Usually, the ship must be in the home port on Friday evening, the final check-out usually falls on a Saturday morning.
- Check the current weather. Is there another route recommendation due to the current weather situation?
- Who is the person of contact in case of problems with the ship? Exchange mobile phone numbers.
- If there is certain route recommendation, please inform the charter company as well.
The commissioning of the charter yacht
- Insist on having a thorough briefing of the ship during the daytime. Don’t carry out the acquisition when it’s dark out!
- Insist on having a joint viewing of the vessel; ask about any existing damage and have it recorded in writing.
- Bring another member of your crew with you during the vessel commission and leave the other crew members ashore!
- There is always a checklist for the commissioning process. However, you should still draft up a separate list, with all of the relevant points that are important to you. Begin below deck and work your way systematically upwards. Below are some suggestions of what you can include on your list.
Checklist for the delivery of charter yachts
Your list could include this and other points that are important to you:
1. Below deck
Lift up the floorboards and check where the bilge pumps are situated. Where is the control panel, which features does it offer? Check the windows, doors and berths.
2. Electronics / Navigation
Test all of the instruments and the radio. Ask for an explanation if something is unclear. Are there manuals on board? What do the symbols on the control panel mean? Are there seacharts, harbor handbooks, pilot guides, barometer, tide tables and updated atlases available for use? Examine the boat slip, charter approval, radio licenses and crew lists.
3. On-board power and shore power
Check the charge status of the starter and supply batteries. Does the shore power connection function properly? Is there an extension cord? Where's the circuit breaker?
4. Sanitation and water
How do the toilets work? Check the pressured water system, showers and drainage system. Has the waste tank been emptied? How can it be cleared? Check the level of the water tank. Is there a disinfectant solution already in the water tank?
Check if all of the burners and the oven are working properly. Check if there is a gas lighter on board. How is the gas cylinder filled? Is there a gas detector installed? Check the operation of the refrigerator. Check the sink, water pressure system and their outflows. Are the main kitchen utensils available?
Be sure to start the engine for a test run. Is the cooling water discharge sufficient? Are all of the instruments and the fuel gauge working? Check the level of the fuel tank. Check the status and level of the engine oil. Visually inspect the engine: is the V-belt functioning properly? How much fuel does the engine use? How far can the ship travel on one tank of fuel?
Is the type and weight of the correct for the model of boat? What is the chain length (including the spare anchor)? Is its end secured? Examine if the windlass is working correctly. Are there a buoy and an anchor ball on board?
Inflate the dinghy. Is it completely airtight? Make sure you check the pump and the rudder for any damage. Is there a repair kit available?
9. Outboarder for the dinghy
Run a short test run (not a run dry!). Check the level of the fuel tank. Are spare spark plugs and spark plug sockets on board? Is there spare fuel on board?
10. Rigging & sails
Check the mast curve and the tension of the backstay. What is the state of the standing rigging? Hoist the sails. What condition are the sails in (any cracks, holes, or brokenseams!)? Are all needed sheet ropes on board? Are the ropes in sufficiently good condition? Are there spare lines on board?
11. On deck
Are all fittings securely mounted and functional? Do the winches turn easily and smoothly? Are the blocks all functional and fixed?
12. Safety equipment
Where are the life vests located? How many are on board? Are the vests automatic? Visually inspect all of the vests. Where is the life raft located? Visually inspect the life raft. Howis it triggered? What other safety equipment is on board (MOB system, flares, emergency lights, etc.) Take the opportunity to familiarize the entire crew with all of the harnessesandsafety lines on board. And remember: If no one goes overboard, you won’t have to save anyone!
General notes on chartering a vessel
Aspects of on-board safety
For personal safety, anyone with their own automatic vest should bring it along with them on the trip. Automatic life jackets are rarely found on board of regular charter vessels. Apersonal life jacket and lifeline should be the first purchases made by any member of the crew. Be sure to select a model with an integrated harness and crotch strap.
Wearing jewelry of any kind on deck (rings, necklaces, bracelets, watches, etc.) should be avoided, due to the risk of getting them caught on something. In addition, only closedfootwear should be worn on deck. Being barefoot on board is very pleasant, but also very dangerous!
The replacement skipper on charter boats
Before commencing the charter, it is important to appoint a replacement skipper. They should either be chosen by the skipper, or alternatively by the crew. The secondary skipperwillonly be called to this role if the primary skipper becomes ill or an emergency situation arises whereby the skipper cannot complete his duties.
On board cash
On charter boats, it is common to designate an amount of on board cash before departing. In this, each member of the charter crew contribute an equal amount. The on board cash isusedto pay for any costs which may arise during the journey. These funds are intended to primarily cover: port charges, fuel and any repairs. Food and drinks are often deducted from this amount as well. In any case, it is important in any case, that the whole crew agrees in advance on what the on board cash will ultimately go towards. This prevents any arguments from breaking out after the trip! The question of just how much on board cash you should have is difficult to answer because it is entirely dependent on the area you are traveling inandyour personal needs and requirements. However, it is usually better to have a little more than not enough. Thus, an amount of €400 per each crew member for each week of the trip isagood rule of thumb. The remaining amount that is left over at the end of the trip is to be divided back out between the crewmembers. The on board cash is managed by a crewmember -often by the replacement skipper. The person in charge of the funds should keep a detailed log, in which the deposits and expenditures are to be recorded. There are currently several smartphone applications available, which can provide a detailed financial overview of your trip expenses and money management.
Briefing by the Charter Skipper
When the entire crew is on board:
- Tour of the ship: assign cabins! Show and explain: toilets, storage rooms, pantry, windows, doors, hatches, etc.
- Explain how the lighting, switchboard and navigation equipment work
- Explain how the radio and GPS work. Everyone on board should know how to read a position and pass this information on via the radio
- Show the position of: anchors, fenders, lines and dinghies
- Start the engine and tell everybody how to stop it as well!
- Explain the rules of conduct (behavior on and below deck)
- Safety briefing (see separate checklist)
Before setting sail
- Allocate tasks to the crew, discuss standard maneuvers
- Create a security plan
- Explain how the rigging and sails function
Setting sail for the first time
- Secure mooring line and anchor, pull in the fenders
- Practice stopping procedures. For this purpose: ride straight in calm water, at a low speed. How fast can the vessel stop? What can be adjusted to improve this?
The safety briefing by the skipper of a charter yacht
- Give all crew members an overview of all available rescue equipment on board
- Where is the life-saving equipment located?
- When must this equipment be used?
- How is it to be handled? Explain the proper handling of the lifesaving equipment on board.
- Proper use of the life jackets
- Exercise: familiarize crewmembers on how to deploy the dinghy
- MOB maneuver: Discuss this maneuver with all crewmembers. Practice various scenarios and situations.
- Exercise: How do I put an emergency call out through the radio? Create an emergency call scenario whereby all crewmembers must read their GPS location via theradio. Also explain how one can cancel a false alarm or transmission
Fire on board
- What to do in case of a fire?
- Location and operation of fire extinguishers and fire blankets
- What to do in case of a fire in the engine room?
- How does the emergency shutdown of the gas system?
- Leakage protection: Explain what needs to be done in terms of damage control and which items are on board to stop the ingress of water in case of a leak
- Operation of the automatic bilge pump(s), location and operation of the manual bilge pump(s)
- Location of first aid equipment and first-aid kit
- Set responsibilities for crew members
Rescue equipment & first aid
On board luggage
A charter holiday differs in many ways from a traditional holiday. This applies to the luggage which you wish to bring aboard as well. First of all, suitcases do not belong aboard a ship! Suitcases are bulky and therefore difficult to store safely. Thus, they can become dangerous "missiles" in harsh weather conditions. In any case, it’s much better to pack your belongings in bags or duffel bags. These are easy to stow away and do not pose a danger in poor weather conditions.
It is important that the shoes are closed with a light, non-slip and non-marking sole. Because the shoes often get wet, a second pair should also be brought along. For the beach, but also for using the washroom facilities and showers of ports, a pair of sandals or slippers should also be brought along.
The clothing brought along will be determined almost entirely by the area in which your intended charter trip will take place in. Many charter trips take place in southern climates. Usually a lightweight, breathable and waterproof sailing jacket, combined with a pair of breathable and waterproof trousers will be sufficient here. Boots aren’t usually necessary because bad weather is normally rare and if it occurs it’s normally only for a short time.
The situation is different if you are traveling in northern areas. If you decide to travel on the Baltic Sea, the North Sea or on the Ijsselmeer in the summer, only weather proof sailing clothing and warm under garments are mandatory. For cruising, oilskins are usually necessary to bring along in any case. These are often called "Coastal” or "Offshore" sailing clothes.As a warm middle layer, fleece is the best, as supports the breathability of functional clothing. Make sure not to wear cotton or wool under oilskins. Wool absorbs water and therefore destroys any breathability. This results in a clammy, wet feeling under the oilskin. Sailing boots and warm functional socks are also a must here!
Charter crews usually have too much clothing on board when travelling in southern regions. Before leaving on your journey, think carefully about what you actually need to bring intermsof additional clothing. As a useful guideline for a 10-14 day charter holiday in a southern climate, we have created the following list:
- Underwear for each day
- 10 T-Shirts
- 2-3 long-sleeved shirts
- A thin sweater
- 4-5 short pants/shorts
- 2 long pants
- 2-3 pairs swimwear
In northern areas, almost the same applies. However, the number of T-shirts, shorts and swimwear is generally decreased by half and the number of long-sleeved shirts, long pants isdoubled. The thin sweater is also replaced by two warmer ones.
What else needs to be brought along
For following items are necessities in your sailing bag:
- Personal lifejacket, with a harness and lifeline
- 2 bath towels
- 2 regular towels
- A light blanket or bed sheet
- A toiletries bag with your daily care products
- Saltwater suitable shampoo
- Adequate sunscreen with high UV protection
- A hat, cap or sun hat
- Sailing gloves
- Sunglasses. Make sure that they are polarized; otherwise you will see nothing on the water
- Sleeping bag, possibly linen if it’s not supplied on board
- Medication if needed
What you can leave at home
Since charter yachts rarely have inverters and power is precious on board, you should leave all 230 V powered equipment at home. This is particularly true for hair dryers and mobile phone chargers. Mobile phones can be directly charged via the electrical system. Corresponding adapters, such as USB charging cables are provided by specialized retailers.
Useful accessory equipment for charterers
Many charter boats come equipped with all necessary equipment already on board. If your baggage allows it, a small box with some useful utensils for daily use on board makes perfect sense:
- A powerful pocket knife, preferably with a Marlinspike
- A multi-tool, with various tools attached
- Some shackles and carabiner
- Flag canvas to fix or secure things with
- Cable ties for fixing various things on board
- A handheld GPS device, so as to not be completely dependent on the on board electronics
- A hand-bearing compass
- A handheld anemometer to determine actual wind speed. It should be known that wind measuring systems are found on very few charter boats
- A small worldwide receiver (short wave), in order to receive weather reports
- A pair of binoculars, preferably with a sighting aid
- A VHF handheld radio
Useful additional equipment
The pantry on charter boats
On charter yachts, the galley is usually equipped with all of the necessary utensils and crockery for preparing simple meals. However, there is often a lack of tea towels, dishwashing liquid, wipes and sponges. Just get the crew members to bring these items along. The same applies to: spices, vinegar, oil, etc. Bring these along from home as well, in order tosavesome money.
If you prepare food on board, you will need to use water from the tanks. Make sure that the water is treated with a disinfectant beforehand. Bring disinfectant with you as well becauseit may be difficult to obtain in many areas of travel.
Travel documents on charter trips
Remember to compile your personal travel documents together in a timely manner. Check the validity of your documents and think about any additional documents which you might need. Thefollow are usually required:
- Passport, visa (if needed)
- Identity card
- Boating license
- Radio certificate
- Charter contract
- Insurance documents
Guide books, nautical charts, handbooks and area guides are also very useful to bring along as well.